Transcutaneous oximetry of angiosomes of maxillary and facial arteries




angiosome, periodontium, microcirculation, transcutaneous tension


Aim. To qualitatively predict and control the quality of periodontal diseases treatment, to determine changes in the transcutaneous pressure of oxygen and carbon dioxide in angiosomes of maxillary and facial arteries in healthy adults.

Materials and methods. 17 healthy people participated in this study. There were 10 (58 %) men aged 24 (22–27), weight 66 (62–80) kg and height 175 (169–182) cm and 7 (42 %) women, whose average age was 23 (20–26) years old, weight 58 (47–72) kg, height 165 (160–178) cm.

Results. The highest values of tissue perfusion with oxygen were observed in the angiosomes of the upper jaw compared to the angiosomes of the lower jaw, where this indicator ranged from 105 to 153 mm Hg. On the lower jaw, the maximum value of the regional perfusion index (RPI) of 1.70 ± 0.04 was observed at the point of measurement where a. mentalis exits through the homonymous chin orifice, anastomosing with the branches of a. facialis. The highest values of tissue perfusion with carbon dioxide were observed in angiosomes of the lower jaw (28–36 mm Hg). In general, non-invasive measurements of oxygen and carbon dioxide pressure in tissues allow more accurate and direct visualization and control of microcirculation in the tissues of the corresponding angiosomes.

Conclusions. The index of regional perfusion on the upper jaw is normally in the range of 2.2 to 2.6 (р < 0.0001). In the angiosome of the lower jaw, the RPI value is within 1.3–1.7, respectively (p < 0.0001). The tension of carbon dioxide in the tissues of the upper and lower jaw averages 31–34 mm Hg (р < 0.05), reaches its maximum in the zones of the lowest oxygen perfusion.

Author Biographies

I. I. Luchyn, State University “Uzhhorod National University”, Ukraine

MD, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Stomatology of Post-Graduate Education

A. V. Kryvanych, State University “Uzhhorod National University”, Ukraine

MD, Intern of the Department of Stomatology of Post-Graduate Education

N. I. Zhero, State University “Uzhhorod National University”, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Stomatology of Post-Graduate Education

F. M. Pavuk, State University “Uzhhorod National University”, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Assistant of the Department of Oncology

V. I. Rusyn, State University “Uzhhorod National University”, Ukraine

MD, PhD, DSc, Professor of the Department of Surgical Diseases


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How to Cite

Luchyn, I. I. ., Kryvanych, A. V., Zhero, N. I. ., Pavuk, F. M., & Rusyn, V. I. (2024). Transcutaneous oximetry of angiosomes of maxillary and facial arteries. Modern Medical Technology, 16(1), 54–59.