Comparison of the effectiveness of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis treatment with corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, and platelet-rich plasma mono-therapy




osteoarthritis, temporomandibular joint, corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, PRP, intra-articular injections


The prevalence of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis is 18–85 % of all TMJ dysfunctional conditions. Most patients are elderly, especially women. Today, intra-articular injections are often used for treatment, so it is necessary to study the effectiveness of drug administration on the course of the disease. The number of studies on the effectiveness of certain drugs most commonly used to treat TMJ osteoarthritis is limited, that does not allow correct treatment planning in each individual case.

Aim: to evaluate the effectiveness of TMJ osteoarthritis treatment with monotherapy with hyaluronic acid, corticosteroids, and platelet-rich plasma.

Materials and methods. We included 90 patients who received intra-articular injections. Patients were randomly divided into 3 groups: group I, which received platelet-rich plasma (PRP, n = 30), group II, which received hyaluronic acid (HA, n = 30), group III, which received corticosteroids (CS, n = 30). To objectively evaluate the effectiveness of TMJ osteoarthritis treatment with monotherapy of hyaluronic acid, corticosteroids and platelet-rich plasma, the following indicators were used: filling in the visual analogue pain scale, maximum mouth opening (mm) and cortical plate density of the articular head of the mandible according to the Hounsfield scale using CBCT.

Results. PRP therapy demonstrated the highest efficacy in the form of monotherapy for all study parameters (p < 0.05). The fastest pain reduction was achieved with the use of corticosteroids (p < 0.05). In general, during the treatment period, the reduction of pain according to the visual analogue scale in group I was 85.71 %. In patients of group II (HA) and group III (CS) – by 71.42 %. Maximum mouth opening after treatment in group I increased by 24.32 %, in group II – by 15.79 %, in group III – by 18.92 %. The density of the articular head according to the Hounsfield scale after treatment in group I increased by 12.56 %, in group II – by 6.97 %, in group III – by 4.87 %.

Conclusions. All of the studied drugs demonstrated a positive effect on the treatment of TMJ osteoarthritis, but monotherapy with intra-articular PRP injections demonstrated the highest effectiveness according to the studied parameters (p < 0.05).

Author Biographies

I. A. Shynchukovskyi, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Stomatology, Institute of Postgraduate Education

O. H. Tereshchuk, Bogomolets National Medical University, Kyiv, Ukraine

MD, PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Prosthetic Dentistry


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How to Cite

Shynchukovskyi, I. A., & Tereshchuk, O. H. (2024). Comparison of the effectiveness of temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis treatment with corticosteroids, hyaluronic acid, and platelet-rich plasma mono-therapy. Modern Medical Technology, 16(2), 99–104.